Utility companies add fuel charges on the bills and this makes utilities a great expense for every user. Electricity, gas and water are the main expenses in every home and businesses that use them. Since these services are vital and we cannot do without them we need to know how we can save on them.
Heating and cooling
Heating and cooling take the greatest percentage of utility bills. You can control the costs by buying a programmable thermostat and setting it a degree or two higher in summer and lower in winter especially when you are all out of the house and at night when you sleep. Remember to reset it when you are back home and when you wake up so it will maintain the right temperatures.
Heating takes a lot of energy and you should insulate walls, roof and floor especially if it is wooden. Use silicon, foam, caulk and other insulation to seal off any cracks, ducts, vents which allow cold draughts to enter the house and heat to escape. Close the attic entry and seal it off with insulation or blankets. Close doors to visitor's bedrooms and cover the chimney when you don't use it to keep the cold away and lower heating costs.
Lower the water heater temperature to 120 Degrees and switch it off when you are away on holiday or vacation. Maintain the water heater regularly so it only uses the minimum electricity required. If you need to replace it buy the ENERGY STAR certified water heaters which save a lot of energy and lower your heating bills substantially. You should minimize usage of hot water by taking a shower instead of a bath. There are Tankless showers which heat the water instantly as it is needed. Wash most clothes in cold water and wash a full load of clothes when using a clothes washer.
Plug-off electronics and appliances
There are many of these devices which are used only briefly or on some days. Computers, kettles, hair driers, clothes-drier, toasters should be plugged off because they use electricity when they are unplugged.
ENERGY STAR-qualified products
When you need to buy a new product or replace an old one, go for these energy-saving products whether they are refrigerators, clothes driers, light bulbs or other products. Many local and state governments offer tax rebates and tax credits. Many utility companies also offer homeowners, restaurants, hotels and other consumers, financial incentives to encourage them to purchase energy-efficient models which save a lot of money for them in lower utility bills and preserve energy.
Go green and save energy which we need to preserve for our children and control the carbon emissions into the atmosphere. The government is encouraging use of renewable energy whether it is using solar, gasoline and energy-efficient products. There are tax rebates and tax credit which you can take advantage of and save on utility bills.
If you have to wash clothes in a clothes washer wash a full load to save water. Fill the dishwasher also when you are washing dishes and wash them by hand if they are only a handful. However, washing many of these dishes by hand does not necessarily save water. Take a short bath with a low-flow shower head instead of a bath. Water the garden plants with recycled water from the kitchen sink and leave the lawn to wait for the rains. You can store rain water in containers to water the garden later. Tighten any leaking faucets, toilets, showers and pipes. Install faucet aerators which use less water.
Save on Gas
There are ways you can lower your bills by saving on gas. If you use a gas furnace keep the filters clean and replace them regularly. Clogged filters use more energy. Use metal pans and pots when using cooking gas and cover them with lids. When the food or water boils lower the flame to save the gas. You only need the flame that covers the bottom of the pot or pan to cook. Use pressure-cookers to cook. You should also use moderate heat and small burners to save gas.